Cloverleaf Mall first opened its doors for business in September of 1972, becoming Richmond Virginia's largest indoor shopping center. On opening day, the mall boasted 45 stores including the two anchor stores, J.C. Penney and Sears. About a year later, Thalhimers was added to the list of anchors. Cloverleaf, aptly named after the neighboring interchange between Midlothian Turnpike and Chippenham Parkway, quickly became a shopping destination for many residents of the Metro Richmond area, even as far as Petersburg or Amelia. At its peak, these anchor stores supported 88 smaller businesses.
As development began to move away from town, many consumers began taking their business to the nearby Chesterfield Towne Center. In 2000, J.C. Penney recognized this trend and decided to move to the neighboring mall. Only a year later the cinema closed down and in 2003 the last two anchor stores (Hecht's and Sears) made the decision to close their doors. With no anchors stores or cinema, the remaining businesses in the mall were destined for failure. Over the next few years, some businesses continued to conduct business within the mall, but on February 29, 2008 Cloverleaf Mall was officially closed.
The Chesterfield County Board of Supervisors took notice of the declining business at Cloverleaf Mall, and in 2004 they voted to purchase the property in an effort to spark an increase in business between Chippenham Parkway and Powhite Parkway. Once they had acquired the property, the County contracted with a development firm, Crosland Investments LLC, to redevelop the property. Crosland has proposed a new development under the name "Stonebridge" that will include mixed use, retail, office, and multifamily residential units. The anchor store for Stonebridge will be a 123,000 square foot Kroger store and fuel center, the largest ever built on the East Coast. The construction manager for the site is Hoar Construction from Birmingham, Alabama.
The first phase of the project consisted of the demolition of Cloverleaf Mall, the cinema building, and the Tire America building. S.B. Cox, Inc of Richmond Virginia successfully bid and won the demolition portion of this project. At one time, S.B. Cox had 9 hydraulic excavators on site, including a 345 UHD (Ultra High Demolition Hydraulic Excavator), two rock crushers, and numerous other pieces of equipment. S.B. Cox, Inc. was able to complete the demolition of over 800,000 square feet in 4 months. Approximately 50,000 tons of concrete, block, and brick were crushed on site and over 7,000 tons of steel were recycled during the demolition process.